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Showing results in A ‘Pollution Souvenir’ of canned air from Chiang Mai calls attention to smog problem

News

A campaign led by local businesses in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand has drawn attention to the very high levels of air pollution by selling ‘souvenir’ jars of air collected in the city. Crop burning experienced on an annual basis from January through to April contributes to seasonally high PM concentrations. Each jar is labelled with the PM2.5 concentration observed on the day it was bottled.

News

Outdoor air pollution has been regulated for decades and is of great current public concern because of the adverse health outcomes linked with exposure, but comparatively little is known about the chemistry of the indoor environment where most people spend most of their time.
A large-scale collaborative field study led by Colorado State University, and University of Colorado at Boulder aimed to investigate indoor chemistry, including aerosol concentration and size distribution and aerosol precursors such as VOCs, over a series of days in which a range of activities, including cooking Thanksgiving dinner, were undertaken.

News

The Government’s updated Clean Air Strategy includes a move towards tougher regulation of particulate emissions from domestic wood burners and open stoves. Increasing in popularity over the last decade, solid fuel sources are thought to contribute 38% of the UK’s emissions of particulate matter.
However, awareness of the pollution problem caused by these sources is low compared to more well-known sources such as traffic. The most polluting fuels are due to be phased out, and stoves sold by 2022 must adhere to stricter emissions limits than many presently on the market. Advice to wood stove users aimed at reducing their emission of (and their own exposure to) PM by the consumer group Which? suggests….

News

An optomechanical trap capable of controlling and measuring nanoparticles as small as 150 nm has been developed by researchers at the University of Vienna and Delft University of Technology.

Using a photonic crystal cavity made of silicon nitride on a silicon substrate, a silica particle can be trapped a few hundred nanometres above the crystal surface, within the interference between the 1064 nm wavelength laser beam used and its reflection from the crystal surface. The particle position is altered using a dichroic mirror in the beam path. Coupling between the particle displacement and phase fluctuations provides up to two orders of magnitude higher sensitivity per photon than more traditional ‘far-field’ methods for nanoparticle optical trapping thanks to low optical losses, the authors claim.

News

Although particulate air pollution is linked with a number of adverse health outcomes, the impact on eye health is not currently well understood. Glaucoma, a disease caused by high intraocular pressure (IOP) and which can lead to vision loss and blindness if untreated, is often associated with factors such as age and genetic predisposition.

However, a study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health has probed the link between IOP and black carbon (BC) concentrations in a cohort of older men, in order to investigate the environmental impact of particulate air pollution on the potential development of the disease.

Research

A new, portable device for identifying and quantifying airborne biological particles, constructed from parts costing around $200, has been developed by researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Typical methods for determining the levels of bioaerosols such as pollens and fungal spores require sampling using filters or traps, then laboratory analysis, which is both expensive and time-consuming. The new device can quantify five common allergens, including three types of pollen (Bermuda grass, oak and ragweed) and two different mould spores (Aspergillus and Alternaria), with classification accuracy of 94% and much faster (on timescales of a few minutes) than traditional methods.

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